The Moon always attracts people’s attention, it is fraught with many mysteries, which researchers try to reveal all of them. The thing is that there are craters in the south pole that have remained dark for billions of years, however, researchers claim that the region may include water. Therefore, NASA promotes groups to create techniques to look for and to extract water from these areas by using fiber laser technology.
To be more precise, one group of researchers has proposed a technique based on the combination of laser beam power with femtosats (compact, disposable satellites) to look for water on Earth’s moon. “NASA selected eight university teams, including a joint team of researchers from the Colorado School of Mines and the University of Arizona, to develop fiber laser technology to support efforts to find and harvest water at the moon’s south pole.”
It should be noted that the Colorado school of mines studies the concept of laser system application to power laser beam lights and machinery employed for lunar exploration. Thus, the researchers plan to apply femtosats, tiny satellites about the size of a stick of butter with laser systems to verify the vitality of using laser beam signals for power and communication in a lunar environment.
The peculiarities of these compact satellites are that they are considered to have a low cost, therefore, it is possible to buy tens, hundreds, maybe even thousands for the price of one standard satellite. Insufficient researches about the environment of the moon’s south pole lead to making the combination of the disposal spacecraft with a fiber laser is an ideal technique to examine these areas without risking hurt to a more expensive satellite.
The researchers have proposed to conduct a mission, which is that a lander-mounted fiber laser system will land on the surface of the Moon and set the femtosats into action to various points on the lunar surface applying a jack-in-the-box-like technique. Herewith, the femtosatellites obtain the laser beam signal from the laser system and transmit it back to prove the validity of applying the fiber laser for communication.
Finally, the researchers are now developing the whole fiber laser system, which is very rare to do, predominantly in the field of aerospace. This mission is the only one step to creating the required laser technologies to search for and extract water on the lunar surface.
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