Articles about Lasers, Optic Photonic Technology for laser products

Ultraviolet Lasers and Their Potential in Science and Technology

on April 16, 2018

Ultraviolet laser products are primarily intended for use in advanced studies and development in the industrial sphere. Ultraviolet lasers and optical emitters are used in biotechnology and medical markets to create such special tools like sterilization and dezinfectant devices. UV lasers offer to developers huge opportunities based on a noncontact method of producing microstructures on micro substances on different substances with a minimal effect on surrounding materials. The aforementioned lasers generate light with wavelengths in the range from 150 to 400 nm.

Ultraviolet Lasers and Their Potential in Science and TechnologyUltraviolet lasers are well suited for micro-scale applications. What makes UV lasers so applicable for micro-drilling and micro-structuring or for marking synthetics and glass and for creating safety features on ID or credit cards? Firstly, their short wavelength allows them to create small focused spot sizes. Secondly, short pulse width and high-intensity result in the material removal (every pulse removes only a small amount of material) allow to produce well-defined microstructures. The beam intensity is so high that the material is removed in the vapor phase in a process called ablation. Ablation can be characterized as a process of the material removal, the end result of which is a clean surface. And thirdly, the short wavelength is important because small focused spot sizes allow penetration into the material where chemical and physical transitions will result in changes of the material. Such changes can be observed either by the naked eye or under the special light or proper magnification.

There are three main types of UV lasers:

  1. Solid-state Q-switched Nd:YAG laser. A special crystal in this laser is used to change the infrared 1064 nm wavelength to the ultraviolet 353 nm wavelength. The beam shape is Gaussian so the spot of the ultraviolet laser of this type will be round with the intensity of energy falling off gradually form the center to the edge. These ultraviolet lasers are sensitive to temperature variations. Such lasers have a special standby condition where all critical components are kept at the operation temperature. Due to the fact that such lasers are equipped with the high repetition rate and the small focused spot they are well suited for machining on a micro scale.
  2. An excimer laser typically uses a combination of a noble gas and a reactive gas. The beam generated shape isn’t round but has a rectangular shape with a more or less constant distribution of the intensity over the cross section of the beam that falls off sharply at the edges.
  3. A metal vapor laser. The copper vapor laser is commonly used although vapors of several other metals also be suitable. Such UV lasers generate radiation at 511 nm and 578 nm wavelength. The beam shape is Gaussian so the metal vapor laser is appropriate for the same range of applications like the solid-state ultraviolet laser.

The most important type of high power ultraviolet laser for industrial application is the excimer laser. Available wavelengths include 351, 308, 248, 193 and 157 nm. The largest commercially available excimer lasers generate up to 200 W stabilized average power and up to 700 mJ pulse energy at 308 nm. The main advantages of this laser are a physical compactness, high reliability and durability. According to the forecasts, UV lasers will be widely used in an expanding range of applications with their recent improvements in performance, cost of ownership and with their increasing reliability. Ultraviolet lasers have already found various applications at the present time:

  • pulsed high power ultraviolet lasers can be used for efficient cutting and drilling of holes in a variety of materials
  • continuous wave UV lasers are required for microlithography (for instance, in the context of semiconductor chip manufacturing)
  • Pulsed and CW UV lasers are irreplaceable for fabricating fiber Bragg gratings
  • UV and even deep-UV lasers are required in refractive laser eye surgery of the cornea and in other medical applications

etc.

Optromix Inc., headquartered in Cambridge, MA, USA, is a manufacturer of laser technologies, optical fiber sensors, and optical monitoring systems.

We develop and manufacture a broad variety of fiber lasers, СО 2 lasers, Ti: Sapphire lasers, Dye lasers and Excimer Lasers. We offer simple Erbium laser and Ytterbium laser products, as well as sophisticated laser systems with unique characteristics, based on the client’s inquiry.

We manufacture lasers using our own technologies based on the advanced research work and patents of international R&D team. Laser processes are high quality, high precision, easily-automated manufacturing solutions that provide repeatability and flexibility.

If you are interested in fiber laser systems, please contact us at info@optromix.com

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ЕлизаветаUltraviolet Lasers and Their Potential in Science and Technology

Development and Application of Fiber Lasers in Medical Sector

on April 10, 2018

Development and Application of Fiber Lasers in Medical SectorIn recent years important progress has been made in the development of fiber-optic technologies in general and in particular in the developments related to the fiber lasers. Fiber-optic lasers are compact and reliable — and for now, they are used more and more in surgical procedures in such areas as diagnostic, therapeutic and surgical medical activities. Optical fiber lasers have a large number of unique features like great flexibility, convenience and reliability in surgical applications. The thing is that the fiber’s waveguiding properties supply single-mode operation that creates excellent diffraction-limited beam quality. This is especially useful in microsurgery and nanosurgery because it provides high resolution of the focusing spot.

Fiber-optic lasers allow the light to be easily integrated into endoscopes, microscopes and other surgical devices. Also many fiber lasers have a wall-plug efficiency of around 30 percent while some thulium fiber lasers have a wall-plug efficiency of around 12 percent. Combine this with the supple nature of fiber, which can be bent and coiled into a space about the size of a shoebox, and fiber lasers become portable, which is critical for emergency surgery.

Fiber-optic lasers typically comprise a single-mode fiber core doped with erbium, ytterbium (or their combination) or thulium. The optical fiber itself in fiber-optic lasers is the resonator cavity. Energy is coupled into the fiber’s cladding from a solid-stay source, then moves into the core and pumps the dopant. Such optical fiber lasers have significant advantages over other types of lasers like higher efficiency, wider tunability and better beam quality which, as a result, contribute to the fact that these lasers widen the utility of lasers in general for medical applications.

The targeted nature of the laser beam is attractive to many surgeons who work in a variety of fields. Fiber sources can access hard-to-reach areas of the body and deliver targeted cutting, ablating or cauterizing while minimizing damage to the surrounding tissues.

At the moment the market of the medical equipment is filling up with fiber-optic lasers which has an all-femto single-step system. Such lasers allow to correct vision without having to create a flap in the cornea and to perform and to perform corneal transplant procedures and intracorneal ring implantation.

With different groundbreaking developments in the sphere of fiber-optic lasers, the scientists have been efficacious in gaining long-ranging applications of fiber lasers in the medical sector. Optical fiber lasers are actively used in dental implementation and ophthalmology to aesthetic properties such as skin rejuvenation, body contouring and hair removal.

Optromix is a fiber laser manufacturer that uses our own technologies based on the advanced research work and patents of international R&D team. Fiber-optic lasers provide high beam quality, high precision and easily-automated manufacturing solutions.

If you are interested in Optromix fiber lasers for metal etching, please contact us at info@optromix.com

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ЕлизаветаDevelopment and Application of Fiber Lasers in Medical Sector

Pulsed and Continuous Wave (CW) Green Fiber Lasers

on April 3, 2018

A large-scale green fiber lasers production allows to serve new markets and applications in an increasing number. Now it’s possible to visually trace a high-energy particle flows in gases and to further characterize them with the help of powerful green lasers. Green fiber lasers can also be used for a photoacoustic measurements of hemoglobin.

Today many scientists believe that pulsed green fiber lasers are much more productive and compact than other available lasers. The pulsed green fiber lasers  supply a high peak power with an average output of 10W, which can be scaled. Higher powers of Optromix’s lasers, it should be noted, are in the works. Such lasers possess a pulse duration of just 1 ns and  frequency of 50 to 600 kHz also it includes, featuring M2 of less than 1.2, a collimator and narrow line width at 532 nm.

In addition to pulsed green fiber lasers, there are continuous wave (CW) lasers. The CW-lasers emit a continuous or, in other words, permanent laser beam with a controlled heat output. By dint of the CW-lasers it becomes possible to control a heat output, as beam duration or intensity. The CW-lasers especially are typical tools in semiconductor researches, because through their use laser beams can be directed in a port in the spectrometer directly onto the sample. Such CW-lasers are available for use with a wide diversity of fiber terminations, collimation optics and processing heads.

Optromix is a fiber laser manufacturer, which can provide a pulsed and CW green fiber lasers with a  divergence specifications. This allows the use of long focal length processing lenses, less damage to optical components and makes them appropriate for remote welding applications. We produce a unique combination of technologies that outperforms any traditional laser technology. Optromix constantly evolves laser systems and always uses own developments to reduce costs and increase brand exposure and public awareness. Optromix’s lasers require minimal maintenance and possess the longest operation life, they have the longest diode lifetimes plus Optromix’s lasers are compact and robust. Our laser warranty is the most reliable on the market.

If you are interested in pulsed or continuous wave (CW) green fiber lasers, please contact us at info@optromix.com

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ЕлизаветаPulsed and Continuous Wave (CW) Green Fiber Lasers

High Power Fiber Lasers

on February 27, 2018

When the first fiber laser systems were developed, they were relegated to low power milliwatt applications. Early fiber lasers were mainly used in communications, but did not have applications in material processing as they could not be scaled to the powers needed for this industry. Due to an increase in interest in the fiber optic technology and rapid developments of fiber lasers, such as ytterbium fiber lasers, the efficiency of tens of kilowatts are now possible. As the technology continues to develop, the initial cost of the fiber laser system declines, which led to fiber lasers offering the lowest price per watt with the highest beam quality, resulting in a quickly growing market share in material processing applications.

Fiber lasers are lasers that utilize an optical fiber doped with rare-earth elements as an active medium. Erbium, ytterbium and neodymium are some of the most commonly used rare-earth elements in fiber lasers, like ytterbium-doped fiber lasers and erbium-doped fiber lasers. These elements have a useful energy level configuration that allows for a cheaped diode laser pump source to be used to excite medium, e.g. erbium can absorb photons at 980 nm, which then decays to a meta-stable state at 1550 nm.

A diode laser pump source is convenient due to the multiple advantages that it provides: it is cheap, efficient and can be stacked. High-power fiber lasers are advantageous to many industries, especially material processing that includes laser cutting, laser engraving, laser welding, etc. There is no need to couple the laser output to a fiber in order to direct it where it needs to go as the lasing is occuring in the fiber. Therefore, the need for complicated optical setup is removed. The laser output of the fiber lasers is high quality – it is very straight and doesn’t spread out – as it is being created in a relatively confined area of the core. The power of the laser beam is confined to a small spot size, which is important for material processing applications. Moreover, high power fiber lasers are efficient with 70-80% power conversion,  which implies fiber lasers are easy to cool as not a lot of energy is lost to heat compared to other high power lasers. High power fiber lasers have a long operating life of around 1 million hours, high peak power and long pulse duration; these characteristics are essential for high-speed marking and cutting applications.

Optromix is a fiber laser manufacturer that develops cutting-edge laser systems and new fiber optic technologies. We produce unique fiber laser scientific systems and specialize in single frequency fiber laser products. We manufacture lasers using our own technologies based on the advanced research work and patents of international R&D team. Laser processes are high quality, high precision, easily-automated manufacturing solutions that provide repeatability and flexibility. Our company is constantly developing new laser systems that can potentially be used for fiber laser powered solar sails.

If you are interested in high-power ytterbium-doped fiber lasers, please contact us at info@optromix.com

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ЕлизаветаHigh Power Fiber Lasers

Fiber laser applications in laser cutting

on January 16, 2018

The use of fiber laser systems for production applications is growing as on price per watt, beam quality, and electrical consumption fiber lasers provide the highest performance and lowest costs. The applications of fiber laser systems are constantly expanding – from traditional cutting and welding to more advanced 3D printing and surface texturing.

Laser technology is widely used in cutting, drilling, welding, drilling, etc. Fiber lasers provide high power and accuracy to these applications while maintaining low maintenance costs. Most fiber laser manufacturers provide a wide range of products that are designed according to the needs of a specific area of fiber laser applications. The ability to manufacture custom fiber laser systems is crucial for some applications that require very specific laser power, wavelength, etc.

Fiber laser systems are superior to traditionally used CO2 lasers that used to be widely used for laser cutting applications. Traditional CO2 lasers have numerous drawbacks, while fiber lasers for cutting applications provide several advantages:

  • High beam quality fiber lasers allow to cut, engrave and mark a wide range of metallic materials.
  • Fiber lasers have a large range of power output ranging from 500W and up.
  • Fiber laser systems for cutting applications provide a machine capability of cutting sheet metals.
  • Fiber lasers, specifically femtosecond fiber lasers and picosecond fiber lasers,  provide faster processing times and reduced energy consumption due to increased efficiency.
  • Fiber laser cutting systems require minimal maintenance.
  • Higher productivity of fiber lasers makes them ideal for laser cutting applications.

Main areas of fiber laser cutting applications include precision engineering, including fiber laser micromachining, high precision sheet metal profiling, cutting transparent materials, marking components for traceability, etc.

Optromix Inc., headquartered in Cambridge, MA, USA, is a manufacturer of laser technologies, optical fiber sensors, and optical monitoring systems. We manufacture lasers using our own technologies based on the advanced research work and patents of international R&D team.Laser processes are high quality, high precision, easily-automated manufacturing solutions that provide repeatability and flexibility. If you have any questions about fiber laser systems please contact us at info@optromix.com

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ЕлизаветаFiber laser applications in laser cutting

Recent progress on fiber laser systems

on December 28, 2017

Fiber lasers have been first demonstrated in 1964 by Snitzer and since then have experienced extensive research and development over the past couple of decades. The research into fiber laser technology has been fueled by numerous advantages that fiber lasers provide, as well as their superiority to bulk solid-state lasers; fiber lasers have not only motivated scientific study but have attracted significant commercial interest.

The benefits of fiber laser systems include the following:

  1. Efficient heat dissipation;

The unique geometry of fiber laser medium allows for efficient heat dissipation due to a ratio of surface area to the active volume being large. This benefits laser power scaling and makes thermal management easily attainable.

  1. Excellent output beam quality;

Due to the confinement of laser radiation in the fiber waveguide structure, fiber laser beam quality is high.

  1. Compactness and ruggedness;

All-fiberized structure design of fiber lasers eliminates the need for complicated alignment of free-space optical components, thus resulting in a simplified laser architecture.

  1. Reduced mode distortion;

Thermally induced mode distortion is often observed in traditional solid-state lasers; fiber lasers have a possibility to significantly reduce mode distortion by a specific physical design of the fiber.

The performance of fiber laser systems has been improving over the past 50 years due to significant scientific interest. The development of fiber materials, drawing technology fiber component fabrication, etc. have led to an improvement of fiber lasers in several areas. Emission wavelength selection has been broadened and now includes a wide variety of lasers, from ultraviolet fiber lasers to mid-infrared lasers. An output power of 10 kW with nearly diffraction-limited beam quality has been achieved in continuous-wave fiber lasers; few-cycle light with pulse duration

shorter than 10 fs has been produced in femtosecond fiber lasers. All of these developments fuel the field of possible fiber laser applications and drive their practical employment. Certain fields of fiber laser applications have been rapidly developing, such as high-precision metrology, gravitational wave detection, coherent LIDAR; these fields require single frequency fiber lasers. Single frequency fiber lasers have gained significant attention and have been broadly researched recently.

Optromix develops and manufactures a broad variety of Fiber lasers – ultraviolet fiber laser, continuous-wave fiber lasers, single frequency fiber lasers, and femtosecond fiber lasers. We offer simple Erbium laser and Ytterbium laser products, as well as sophisticated laser systems with unique characteristics, based on the client’s inquiry.

If you are interested in Optromix fiber lasers, please contact us at info@optromix.com

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ЕлизаветаRecent progress on fiber laser systems

Femtosecond fiber laser market forecast

on December 19, 2017

Fiber lasers have an active medium that is made up of an optical fiber that is doped with rare-earth components, some of which include ytterbium, erbium, dysprosium, neodymium, thulium, holmium and praseodymium. Due to the use of these rare-earth components, fiber lasers have a huge bandwidth and are extremely effective. The production of moderately cheap, rugged, and compact fiber lasers with fiber-coupled yield has made femtosecond fiber lasers desirable in many different applications, like nonlinear imaging and microscopy, tissue ablation and micro and nano surgery, among others.

Fiber lasers include a wide range of lasers that have been developed and designed over the past 30 years. There are multimode- and single varieties with ultraviolet to far-infrared wavelengths that show high power level, adjustable repetition rate, and femtosecond pulse durations.

Femtosecond fiber lasers have a low cost of ownership, are eco-friendly and have high beam quality. These factors fuel the femtosecond fiber laser market growth. One of the key factors that have an effect on the growing popularity of fiber lasers in general and femtosecond fiber lasers in particular is a trend of green engineering, rise in apprehension of manufacturers concerning the influence of their products on environment. Due to the aforementioned reasons, many industries have utilized these lasers in cutting and marking applications. Traditional means of material cutting, marking and welding are being gradually replaced by fiber laser systems as they are easy to operate and are energy proficient.

A new report on the femtosecond fiber market outlines that fiber laser market in general will continue to grow and expand while traditional techniques and instruments are being replaced by fiber laser systems. Femtosecond fiber lasers are the most prevalent in the Asia Pacific region, that holds the biggest share of the market. North America region holds second place in terms of revenue. Asia-Pacific and North America together accounted for more than half of the global market revenue in 2016. Asia-Pacific held the maximum share during the time period due to augmented demand of femtosecond fiber lasers in automotive and electronics industry.

Optromix develops and manufactures a broad variety of Fiber lasers, СО 2 lasers, Ti: Sapphire lasers, Dye lasers, and Excimer Lasers. We offer simple Erbium laser and Ytterbium laser products, as well as sophisticated laser systems with unique characteristics, based on the client’s inquiry. Our femtosecond fiber lasers offer a vast range of applications and can be used in different research fields.

If you are interested in Optromix femtosecond fiber lasers, please contact us at info@optromix.com

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ЕлизаветаFemtosecond fiber laser market forecast

Fiber lasers for cutting and drilling applications: femtosecond fiber lasers, picosecond fiber lasers

on December 12, 2017

Fiber lasers for cutting and drilling applications: femtosecond fiber lasers, picosecond fiber lasersMultimode fiber lasers have been used in concrete drilling and cutting. The reason behind the use of fiber laser system in this application is the ability of fiber lasers to cut concrete without fracturing it. The concrete structures that are designed to be earthquake-proof often contain things like rebar to bolster its strength so it won’t just crumble if an earthquake hits. Conventional drilling techniques are not gentle enough for concrete structures. This is where fiber laser cutting systems are used.

Fiber laser systems are already used in other cutting and drilling applications; for example, Q-switched fiber lasers are used in pulsed materials working, such as laser marking or working semiconductor electronics, as well as for LIDAR.

There is a significant interest in smaller fiber lasers for micro-and nanoscale machining. For fiber lasers that have a short enough pulse duration, shorter than about 35 ps, no material splatter occurs during cutting or drilling, just ablation, eliminating the formation of kerfs and other unwanted artifacts on the metal being cut. Femtosecond fiber lasers are able to cut materials without heating the surrounding area, allowing material work without damaging or weakening the surrounding area. Moreover, holes can be cut with high aspect ratios, e.g. drilling rapidly drilling small holes through 1-mm-thick stainless.

Femtosecond fiber lasers have been found to be extremely useful in a variety of applications that deal with transparent materials. They are widely used in LASIK eye surgery, where femtosecond fiber lasers are used to cut flaps by being focused tightly with a high-numerical-aperture lens onto a spot below the eye’s surface, causing no damage at the surface, but a breakdown of the eye material at a controlled depth. Due to this, the cornea – an area of the eye that is crucial for vision – remains unharmed. Femtosecond fiber lasers, along with picosecond fiber lasers are used in a variety of other medical applications, some of which include shallow-penetration surgery in dermatology, and use in certain kinds of optical coherence tomography (OCT).

There are many other areas of femtosecond fiber laser and picosecond fiber laser applications besides drilling and cutting. Scientific applications of femtosecond fiber lasers include laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy, time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy, and general materials research.

Optromix develops and manufactures a broad variety of Fiber lasers, СО 2 lasers, Ti: Sapphire lasers, Dye lasers, and Excimer Lasers. We offer simple Erbium laser and Ytterbium laser products, as well as sophisticated laser systems with unique characteristics, based on the client’s inquiry. Our femtosecond fiber lasers and picosecond fiber lasers offer a vast range of applications and can be used in different research fields.

If you are interested in Optromix femtosecond fiber lasers and picosecond fiber lasers, please contact us at info@optromix.com 

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ЕлизаветаFiber lasers for cutting and drilling applications: femtosecond fiber lasers, picosecond fiber lasers

Femtosecond fiber lasers for bioimaging

on November 28, 2017

Sub-micron spatial imaging resolution can be achieved through the use of optical microscopy which offers well-established techniques. The development of fiber optic technology, including fiber laser systems, has been noticed and used in many applications. Recently, researchers have found that ultrashort light pulses that are produced by femtosecond fiber lasers can be utilized in a variety of new biomedical imaging modalities. There are several techniques that utilize the high peak power that is possible with ultrashort pulses. The pulses can be focused to high intensity to drive nonlinear-optical processes, e.g. multiphoton absorption in molecules used as fluorescent labels.

Some biologically-important substances, like lipids, nucleic acids, sugars, etc. have characteristic vibrational spectra which can be distinguished easily. The generation of images with chemical contrast is possible through the use of microscopy with vibrational spectroscopy. The imaging is a basis of coherent Raman scattering (CRS) microscopies – it allows to detect the presence of certain substances without the use of exogenous dyes.

The development of femtosecond fiber lasers has been a big step in achieving new advances in nonlinear microscopy. Femtosecond fiber lasers have enabled dramatic growth of multiphoton and harmonic-generation imaging. This can be explained by various benefits that fiber lasers offer:

  1. The waveguide medium eliminates the need for precise alignment and makes long cavity length possible;
  2. Fiber lasers offer high beam quality, which is extremely valuable for many areas of fiber laser applications;
  3. Fiber gain media are efficient and can adequate levels of power for bioimaging;
  4. Fiber lasers are naturally suitable for integration with endoscopic instruments.

Recently developed femtosecond fiber lasers outperform traditionally used solid state lasers. Femtosecond fiber lasers are already used as an alternative to solid-state lasers in many different applications, and the research that is being put into the further development of femtosecond lasers means that they will continue to replace solid state lasers.

Optromix Inc., headquartered in Cambridge, MA, USA, is a manufacturer of laser technologies, optical fiber sensors, and optical monitoring systems. We develop and manufacture a broad variety of Fiber lasers, Femtosecond Fiber lasers, СО 2 lasers, Ti: Sapphire lasers, Dye lasers, and Excimer Lasers. We offer simple Erbium laser and Ytterbium laser products, as well as sophisticated laser systems with unique characteristics, based on the client’s inquiry.

If you are interested in Optromix femtosecond fiber lasers, please contact us at info@optromix.com

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ЕлизаветаFemtosecond fiber lasers for bioimaging

Femtosecond fiber lasers: advantages and applications

on November 21, 2017

Fiber lasers are lasers that have an active medium is made up of an optical fiber which is doped with special rare-earth components like ytterbium, erbium, dysprosium, etc. A huge bandwidth and effectiveness of these components allow for a cheaper and more compact fiber laser components. This, in turn, allows the production of moderately cheap fiber lasers. Fiber lasers have a variety of applications, such as nonlinear imaging, microscopy, tissue ablation, micro and nanosurgery, etc.

Fiber lasers offer multiple advantages that are often crucial for certain applications and determine the popularity of fiber lasers. Fiber lasers offer an extraordinary surface-to-volume ratio. Fiber optic technology has been rapidly developing for the past 30 years, resulting in a significant progress in the field of fiber lasers. Lasers based on the fiber optic technology have been renovated into multimode- and single varieties with ultraviolet to far-infrared wavelengths that display high-power levels, adjustable repetition rate, and short pulse duration that is present in femtosecond fiber lasers.

Generally, femtosecond fiber lasers operate at wavelengths from 1.0 μm and 1.5 μm. Femtosecond fiber lasers, like other types of fiber lasers, offer lower cost of ownership, eco-friendly technology, high beam quality. These qualities make femtosecond fiber lasers highly desirable for multiple fields of application. The growing trend of green engineering through multiple industries has made these lasers a smart choice for marking and cutting applications. Fiber lasers are easy to automate and are energy proficient, which makes them a better substitute for traditional means of marking, such as ink based printing and chemical etching.

Optromix is a fiber laser vendor that develops and produces femtosecond fiber lasers. Optromix provides world-class laser systems and it is our highest priority to deliver the best quality products to our clients. Our main specialization is manufacturing single frequency fiber lasers.

We manufacture fiber laser systems in a wide range of wavelengths: СО2 lasers (9,2 µm – 10,8 µm); Erbium laser (1532-1585 nm), Ytterbium laser (1030-1110 nm), and subsequent harmonics (near infrared fiber laser 770 -790) nm, green fiber laser 515 – 561 nm, UV fiber laser 257.5 nm); Ti:Sapphire and dye lasers in a wide range of tunable wavelengths (285 – 350 nm, 350-525 nm, 695 – 780 nm, 850 – 950 nm, 950 – 1050 nm); Excimer lasers (193, 248, 308 nm).

If you are interested in Optromix femtosecond fiber lasers, please contact us at info@optromix.com

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ЕлизаветаFemtosecond fiber lasers: advantages and applications